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SEC Filings

10-K
TERRAFORM GLOBAL, INC. filed this Form 10-K on 06/15/2017
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(such as the consumer price index) or other rates specified in the applicable PPA, while other PPAs have a flat tariff for the term of the PPA.
Our ability to generate electricity in an efficient and cost-effective manner is impacted by our ability to maintain and utilize the electrical generation capacity of our power plants. The volume of electricity generated and sold by our power plants during a particular period is also impacted by scheduled and unexpected repair and maintenance required to keep the power plants operational and other factors. Equipment performance often represents the primary factor affecting our operating results because equipment downtime impacts the volume of the electricity that the Company is able to generate from its power plants. We historically depended on affiliates of SunEdison for O&M and asset management services for our power plants. The performance of these services may be negatively impacted as we transition to the performance of these services ourselves or by third parties, which may impact generation availability as a result of down-time and other delays in scheduled and unexpected repair and maintenance.
The volume of electricity generated and sold by our power plants will also be negatively impacted if any facilities experience higher than normal downtime as a result of equipment failures, electrical grid disruption or curtailment, weather disruptions, short to medium term weather variations from long-term averages or other events beyond management’s control. Certain of our power plants have periodically experienced periods of curtailment by the grid company due to a lack of infrastructure and transmission capacity. Curtailment results in reduced tariff payments to the power plant as the facility is only entitled to receive payment for energy delivered to the grid companies.
Generally, over longer time periods, management expects that the Company's portfolio will exhibit less variability in generation compared to shorter periods. It is likely that we will experience more generation variability in monthly or quarterly production than it does for annual production due to the seasonal nature of wind and solar resources. As a result, periodic cash flows and payout ratios will reflect more variability during periods shorter than a year. While we intend to reserve a portion of our cash available for distribution and maintain a revolving credit facility in order to, among other things, facilitate the payment of dividends to its stockholders, unpredicted variability in generation could result in variability of dividend payments to the extent the Company lacks sufficient reserves and liquidity.
The Company uses reliable and proven solar panels, inverters and other equipment for each of its solar power plants and quality wind turbines and other system components for each of its wind power plants. Management believes this significantly reduces the probability of unexpected equipment failures.
Seasonality
The amount of electricity produced and revenues generated by our solar power plants is dependent in part on the amount of sunlight, or irradiation, where the assets are located. Shorter daylight hours in winter months result in less irradiation and the generation produced by these power plants will vary depending on the season. Additionally, to the extent more of our solar power plants are located in either the northern or southern hemisphere, overall generation of our entire solar asset portfolio could be further impacted by seasonality. While we expect seasonal variability to occur, we expect aggregate seasonal variability to decrease if geographic diversity of our portfolio between the northern and southern hemisphere increases. We expect our current solar portfolio’s power generation to be at its lowest during the fourth quarter of each year as our assets are geographically concentrated in the northern hemisphere. Therefore, we expect our fourth quarter solar revenue generation to be lower than other quarters.
Similarly, the electricity produced and revenues generated by our wind power plants depend heavily on wind conditions, which are variable and difficult to predict. Operating results for wind power plants vary significantly from period to period depending on the wind conditions during the periods in question. As our wind power plants are located in geographies with different profiles, there is some flattening of the seasonal variability associated with each individual wind power plant's generation, and we expect that as the fleet expands the effect of such wind resource variability may be favorably impacted, although we cannot guarantee that we will purchase wind power plants that will achieve such results in part or at all. Historically, our wind production is greater in the first and fourth quarters which can partially offset the lower solar revenue expected to be generated in the fourth quarter.
Under the Merger Agreement, we are restricted from declaring or paying dividends prior to the consummation of the Brookfield Transaction. However, in the event that the Brookfield Transaction is not consummated and the Merger Agreement is terminated or expires, we intend to revert to a situation where we reserve a portion of our cash available for distribution and maintain sufficient liquidity, including cash on hand, in order to, among other things, facilitate the payment of dividends to our stockholders. As a result, over time we do not expect seasonality to have a material effect on the amount of our quarterly dividends.


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