for contingent loss established during 2015. If some amount within a range of loss appears at the time to be a better estimate than any other amount within the range, that amount will be accrued. When no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, however, the minimum amount in the range will be accrued.
The Company continually evaluates uncertainties associated with loss contingencies and records a charge equal to at least the minimum estimated liability for a loss contingency when both of the following conditions are met: (i) information available prior to issuance of the financial statements indicates that it is probable that an asset had been impaired or a liability had been incurred at the date of the financial statements; and (ii) the loss or range of loss can be reasonably estimated. Legal costs are expensed when incurred. Gain contingencies are not recorded until realized or realizable.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company recognizes its derivative instruments as assets or liabilities at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets. Fair value balances are not offset and reported on a gross basis. Accounting for changes in the fair value (i.e., gains or losses) of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated as part of a hedging relationship and the type of hedging relationship.
The effective portion of changes in fair value of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges is reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”). Changes in the fair value of these derivatives are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. In addition, foreign denominated debt hedged by cross currency swaps is periodically remeasured based on changes to spot rates. Therefore, for cross currency swaps, changes in the spot rate are also reclassified out of OCI to offset remeasurement of the debt. The ineffective portion of changes in fair value is recorded as a component of net income (loss) on the consolidated statement of operations. There was no ineffectiveness during the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013.
The change in fair value of undesignated derivative instruments is reported as a component of net income (loss) on the consolidated statement of operations.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company performs fair value measurements in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”), which defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at their fair values, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the assets or liabilities, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions and risk of nonperformance.
ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. An asset’s or a liability’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ASC 820 establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair values of the assets or liabilities.
We maintain various financial instruments recorded at cost in the December 31, 2015 and 2014 consolidated balance sheets that are not required to be recorded at fair value. For cash and cash equivalents, cash committed for construction projects, restricted cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, investments in acquisitions, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and due to/from SunEdison, net, the carrying amount approximates fair value because of the short-term maturity of the instruments. See Note 12 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments for disclosures related to the fair value of our long-term debt.
The Company’s reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. Certain of our subsidiaries maintain their records in local currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which are their functional currencies. When a subsidiary’s local currency is considered its